“Alcohol removes inhibitions – like that scared little mouse who got drunk and shook his whiskers and shouted: “Now bring on that damn cat!”” ~Eleanor Early
Alcohol has a variety of interesting effects on the body. It is a unique substance, in that, once it is in the blood stream, it can permeate the brain, liver, heart, pancreas, lungs, kidneys and all other tissue systems of the body in only minutes. Because alcohol is diluted in the water of your body, it travels quickly through your system, especially to those places which contain a lot of water: like your brain.
Because alcohol can quickly collect in the brain, blackouts or memory loss are common. When alcohol collects it can cut off the supply of oxygen to the brain, killing tens of thousands of brain cells each time. In addition, if a person is more lean they tend to have more water in their bodies and thus alcohol is more diluted in their bodies when they drink. Conversely, a person with more fat can consume less alcohol before they become adversely affected. This phenomenon is easily noticed between men and women, because often men can have about 10% more water in their bodies then women. (Plus, women have differences in their digestive enzymes which make them more susceptible to alcohol.)
Absorption can also be affected by what the alcohol is mixed with. For example, water and fruit juices can slow absorption, while the carbon dioxide in soda can speed it up because it can pass through the stomach walls easily, taking the alcohol with it.
The average adult body will get rid of alcohol “at an average rate of approximately ½ to 3/4 ounce per hour, the equivalent of 1 ounce of 100-proof whiskey, one large beer, or about 3 to 4 ounces of wine.” (1) However, it is vital to remember this is only an estimate, and does not take into account your personal amount of water in your body and your tolerance.
In moderation, alcohol can be safe, yet it is important to be as informed as possible about your own body so that you can make safer choices about alcohol consumption.